The public sector, sometimes referred to as the state sector or the government sector, is a part of the state that deals with the production, ownership, sale, provision, delivery and allocation of goods and services by and for the government or its citizens, whether national, regional or local/municipal.
All those working in the public sector are Public Servants.
The public sector is divided into Civil Service, the Judiciary and the Armed Forces.
Civil Service is a branch of the government composed of Civil Servants who work in governmental ministries and institutions. Employment in the Civil Service is through the Civil Service Board (مجلس الخدمة المدنية) and is based on educational and professional merit.
The Judiciary is the combined system of courts which interpret and apply laws. It is made up of Judges, lawyers and the court staffs all part of the Ministry of Justice. Employment in this sector is through special exams carried out by the Ministry of Justice.
All those working for the army, internal security and local police are considered members of the Armed Forces.
The Public Sector has the responsibility to provide Public Services that are needed by all citizens but no private company will offer for free. These public services are either offered:
Through the Civil Service and Civil Servants such as:
Through the Judiciary
Through the Armed Forces:
Through its policies, the Public sector directly affects the Economy of the country through two main policies:
A quick review of the above roles and responsibilities of the public sector reveals the importance of this sector and the need for citizen participation to help with the provision of goods and services and assure the adequate distribution of it to all communities.
Article 12 of the Constitution states that every Lebanese has the right to hold public office, and that access to such positions is always made on the basis of merit and competence. The Legislative Decree No. 112/59 (Public Sector Staff Regulations) regulates conditions of employment of persons in the public sector.
Public Sector in Lebanon includes:
6 Governorates (Muhafezat)
The Civil Service Board (CSB) was established by Legislative Decree 114/59. Its organization and functions are stated in Decree 8337/61. The CSB handles issues related to civil servants, part-timers (on contract) and full-timers in the majority of administrations and departments of the public sector, and major municipalities. Namely, it sets conditions for hiring and appointment, promotion, remuneration, transfer, dismissal, as well as other employees’ issues. It also provides essential training to maintain and improve the performance of employees. At the same time, the CSB is in charge of continuous maintenance of the organizational structure of the public sector and major municipalities under its jurisdiction.
The Lebanese Civil Service is made up of five grades; Grade One is the highest. Grades are divided into steps, and each employee receives an automatic step every two years, which serves as a salary increment and an advancement step within his grade.
The average salary and benefits of an employee of Grade Three in the Public Sector is as follow:
|Entry Level Salary||1,200,000 LBP – 1, 400,000 LBP
( Soon to be revised to 1,800,000 LBP )
|Medical Insurance||1st Class Hospitalization
75% Lab and Medication
90% Surgery for Spouse children
75% Surgery for Dependents (Parents, Disabled Family Members)
|Tuition Support||School up to the university level|
|Overtime||Around 50 % of Salary
(up to 100 hours per month)
|End of year Bonus||Up to 2 Months’ Salary|
|Teaching hours allowed||160 hours/ year|
Public Sector jobs, except the Judiciary and the Armed forces, are classified into five grades (فئات). Grade three (فئة الثالثة), four (فئة الرابعة) and five (فئة الخامسة) are open to all Lebanese citizens aged 20-35 (18-23 for the armed forces) regardless of religion or ethnicity and the minimum requirements for employment are as follows:
|Grade 4 (فئة الرابعة)||High school diploma (BACC II) or BT3|
|Grade 5 (فئة الخامسة)||Brevet Certificate or BP II|
|Grade 2 (فئة الثانية) and 1 (فئة الاولى)||are often assigned based on ethnic and religious quotas|
|*All university diplomas must be certified by the Ministry of Higher Education for equivalency with Lebanese University standards|
Frequently Asked Questions:
There is a quota system for Grade One who are generally Director Generals of Ministries or Institutions. Grade Two civil servants are recruited from among Grade Three and are not under a quota system but are chosen based on merit and accomplishments in Grade Three.
Grade Three, Four and Five positions are open without the need for any backing (wasta) to all Lebanese citizens who fit the requirements and can pass a Civil Service Board test. Grade Two positions are filled from Grade Three and though based on past accomplishments and performance, backing (wasta) can play a role. Grade one, is a political appointment and is based on quotas.
All posted job vacancies include areas of required expertise and knowledge requirements. The Goguikian Foundation assists all those in need of preparatory classes to ready themselves for this entrance exam by providing preparatory classes..
The Goguikian Foundation prepares a file of each candidate and advises them on all required documents and procedures and assists in completing their files. In addition, the Foundation provides for preparatory classes for the Civil Service Board entrance exam. It is best to contact the Foundation and sign up for free preparatory classes once you have decided to pursue a public sector career. The longer time you give yourself for these classes, the better your chances of success.
The Foundation will continue to support Lebanese Armenians in the public sector in order to offer maximum support and backing for promotion and advancement. Additionally, the foundation provides for networking opportunities within the public sector through events throughout the year.
The Armed Forces, also accept recruits through the Army Entrance Exam. All information regarding entrance exam and requirements are listed on the website of the armed forces on www.lebarmy.gov.lb .In addition to academic performance, candidates are required to demonstrate physical fitness.
Both exams are transparent and conducted based on knowledge of the subject and in the case of the Armed forces physical fitness. Materials tested are announced in advance and all participating have equal opportunity to prepare for these exams. No backing (wasta) is needed to pass either of these exams.
The majority of the people working in the public sector are honest, hard working specialists that provide for all the functions of the state. Unfortunately a small minority of the ministries is currently showing signs of corruption and those are the ones most frequented by the public. There are many dedicated qualified experts that consider it their national duty to serve their country by working in the public sector at least for a few years. But often due to the many extra benefits and conveniences of working for the government, most stay and retire from the public sector. It is due to these dedicated experts that we owe all our achievements as a state.
All Lebanese citizens have the right to work in the public sector. Additionally, it is the duty of all citizens to give back to their country and to help improve its public sector in all ways small and big. By insisting on a public sector career, educated talented young men and women bring fresh blood to the sector and help improve it from the inside.